Malaria is an infectious disease which is caused by Mosquitoes and results in high fever, chills, and flu-like symptoms. It is one of the most dangerous life-threatening diseases. Usually, it spreads through infected mosquito nicks and displays symptoms such as fever, pain, and nausea. It's a blood disease.
There Are Three Main Aspects Of The Life Cycle Of Malaria:
Anopheles mosquitoes carry the parasite and this is where the parasite begins its life cycle.
First, the parasite is sent to the human liver to grow and multiply. Then it moves to the bloodstream and infects and destroys red blood cells.
The parasite (Plasmodium) has several subspecies, each of which causes a different severity of symptoms and responds to different types of treatment.
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Is Malaria Spread from Person to Person?
Malaria is not spread from person to person (except in pregnancy as noted below) but can be spread in certain circumstances without a mosquito. This occurs rarely and is usually found in a transmission from the mother to the unborn child (congenital malaria), by blood transfusions, or when intravenous-drug users share needles.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms usually appear 1 to 3 weeks after infection. People with malaria will have a lot, Some of them are as following:
Chills and Sweats
Low Blood Pressure
Diarrhea, Nausea, and Vomiting
Body of Anopheles Mosquito is divided into head, thorax and abdomen and you can identify this Mosquito by observing it in sitting posture. When resting, the stomach area of it points upwards.
Malaria Mosquito deliver its eggs on water which takes 2-3 weeks to hatch. Since Anopheles mosquitoes are night feeders. So you can avoid their confrontation during that time by staying away from danger zones where they attack like: fields, forests, and swamps.
Using mosquito coils and aerosolized insecticides containing pyrethroids may also help improve protection during this time. Wear long sleeves and trousers, as well as light-colored clothes. Place a mosquito repellent containing DEET on the exposed skin.
Use products containing up to 30% DEET for adults and children over 12 years of age - higher concentrations may have serious side effects, especially in children.
Children 12 years and under must use products containing 10% DEET or less. Do not use more than 3 times a day for children from 2 to 12 years. For children aged 6 months to 2 years, use a product containing 10% or less DEET at most once a day.
Symptoms And Types Of Mosquito-Borne Illnesses
Destruction of Red Blood Cells
Low Blood Sugar
Confusion, abnormal behavior, etc.
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Malaria is a completely preventable and treatable disease. You can take medications, called antimalarials, for the prevention and treatment of malaria. Malaria is a very serious disease, and its presence in many regions of the world is well known.
Therefore, if you are going to an area where malaria is present, it is important to reduce the risk of infection by taking the relevant medicine before the trip while you are in the area, and after you return home and must take preventive measures as well.